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Are You Listless?
A New Revelation About The Book of Mormon

There are two puns in this title. The first one is "Are You Listless?" because the subject deals with a form of Hebrew poetry called lists. If you are listless in the normal sense you are indifferent or apathetic. If you are listless in the sense of this article then you do not know about Hebrew poetry lists; and if you do not know about Hebrew poetry lists then you do not know about Hebrew poetry; and if you do not know about Hebrew poetry then you do not know about the Hebrew nature of the Book of Mormon; and if you do not know about the Hebrew nature of the Book of Mormon then you have missed a great part of what the Lord has been doing for the Book of Mormon in the last few years; and if you have missed all that then you may very well be spiritually listless due to lack of nourishment. The revelation about lists promises to provide much nourishment to Book of Mormon believers.

The second pun is the word "revelation" because the revelation about lists comes from a study of the Book of Revelation entitled In Search of The Biblical Order by J. M. Cascione. This book is copyrighted in 1987, therefore, the revelation about lists is fairly new. What the author discovered was that:

  1. The book of Revelation is a Hebrew book and not a Greek book.
  2. The book of Revelation is full of Hebrew poetry lists.
  3. Every book of the Bible has Hebrew poetry lists.
  4. The length of the list determines the subject matter.

These findings are of great importance to the Book of Mormon and to Book of Mormon believers as the Lord is once again showing us that he is preparing the way for taking the Book of Mormon to the world under the endowment. By bringing forth new information about the ancient Hebrew nature of the Bible and the Book of Mormon the Lord is "growing together" the Bible and the Book of Mormon in preparation for restoring the covenants to the house of Israel (2 Nephi 2:20-23; see Recent Book of Mormon Developments vol 2, 1992:115) and the restoring of the covenants goes hand in hand with the endowment (1992:34-39).

What is probably the most important part of this study by Cascione is the discovery that the length of the list determines the subject matter. This discovery by Cascione is obviously of very recent date and for that reason we presume unknown prior to the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830. This discovery will also be of help in our own personal study of the Book of Mormon as well as in missionary work. Cascione deals with lists of two, three, four, five, six, seven, ten and twelve items. The subject matter of each length list is taken from Cascione's book as are the examples from the Bible.

"Two" symbolizes the word of God in all its aspects, "how it is sent, communicated, confessed, witnessed, testified, described, received, believed and obeyed" (Cascione 1987:59).

If thy children will keep
    my covenant
    and my testimony
  that I shall teach them ...
          Psalm 132:12

... they preached
    the word
    and the truth
according to the
   spirit of prophecy
    and revelation ...
         Alma 20:2

Notice in the Book of Mormon example that there are two lists of two referring to the word of God in one verse.

"Three" speaks about God, heaven, responses to God, like cursings, or praise, and responses from God such as warnings, curses and blessings.

That they may know from the rising
    of the sun and from the west
    that there is none besides me.
   I am the Lord
    and there is none else. Isaiah 45:6

Being filled with great joy because of
  the resurrection of the dead
   according to the will
   and power
   and deliverance
  of Jesus Christ from the bands of
  death.        Alma 2:21

"Four" refers to "mankind, human activity, earth, the creation or created things" (1987:3).

... and worship him
    that made heaven
    and earth
    and the sea
    and the fountains of waters.
          Revelation 14:7

    and people
  shall be blessed.      1 Nephi 5:257

A list of five "symbolically covers the gamut of human emotions and human experience" (1987:81). In Revelation it is most often associated with suffering and tribulation. There are also some sets of five concerned with joy and happiness.

Wherefore laying aside
    all malice
    and all guile
   and hypocrisies
    and envies
    and all evil speakings
    1 Peter 2:1

... most abominable above all other
    which slayeth the saints of God
    yea, and tortureth them
   and bindeth them down
    and yoketh them a yoke of
    and bringeth them down into
    captivity.       1 Nephi 3:140

"Six symbolizes the process of creating or characterizes the nature of what is created, not the created thing itself" (1987:93). The negative side of six symbolizes destruction. God created the world in six days. The only thing Satan can do is destroy. Negative six symbolizes Satan. 666 is Satan's attempt to be God (three speaks about God).

And saying, Alas, alas, that great
  city that was clothed
    in fine linen
    and purple
   and scarlet
   and decked with gold
   and precious stones
    and pearls!       Revelation 18:16

This example from Third Nephi 4:69 is an example of negative six, and in this case the subject matter of the fist is given in the verse matching the subject in Cascione's book.

... death and destructions
    by fire
    and by smoke
    and by tempests
    and by whirlwinds
    and by the opening of the earth
     to receive them
    and all these things ...

Note that this is a list with a total and all these things." The total counts as part of the list making this a six-part list.

"When God (three) and man (four) meet, the result is always judgment (seven)" (1987:51). God either blesses in sevens or condemns in sevens. Cascione gives Revelation 7:9 as an example of this pattern. An example of this pattern in the Book of Mormon is:

... he manifesteth himself unto all
   they that believe in him, by the
   power of the Holy Ghost;
Yea, unto every nation
       and people,
Working mighty miracles,
       and wonders
     among the children of men
       according to their faith.
         2 Nephi 11:78-79

Another example from the Book of Mormon is the famous reference found in Alma 14:103-104 which encourages us in our Book of Mormon work. If we do the first four things then God guarantees the last three things:

Yea, he that
    and exerciseth faith
    and bringeth forth good works
    and prayeth continually without
      unto such it is given to know
        the mysteries of God
    yea, unto such it shall be given
      to reveal things which never
      have been revealed
    yea, and it shall be given unto
      such to bring thousands of
      souls to repentance ...

"Ten"-part lists speak about completion. They form a complete description or total range of a particular subject. Cascione gives Revelation 2:2-3 as an example of a ten-part list. A Book of Mormon example is Moroni 10:10-12.

For behold, to one is given by the
    Spirit of God that he may teach
    the word of wisdom;
And to another that he may teach
   the word of knowledge by the
   same Spirit;
And to another exceeding great faith;
And to another the gifts of healing by
    the same Spirit.
And again, to another that he may
    work mighty miracles;
And again, to another that he may
    prophesy concerning all things;
And again, to another the beholding
   of angels and ministering spirits;
And again, to another all kinds of
And again, to another the interpretation
   of languages and of divers
    kinds of tongues.
And all these gifts comes by the Spirit
    of Christ ...       Moroni 10:10-12

"Twelve"-part structures speak about the church. Cascione's example is in Revelation 7:4-8.

Alma 11:25 says "And the establishment of the church became general throughout the land . ." This gives us the subject for the following twelve-part list found in Alma 11:29.

Now those priests which did go forth
   among the people did preach
      all lyings
      and deceivings
      and envyings
      and strifes
      and malice
      and revilings
      and stealing,
      committing adultery
      and all manner of lasciviousness ...

Although this list is a negative list, if these things exist and are not checked, the church will die. By preaching against these things the priests built up the church.

Information like this as well as all the other recent Book of Mormon developments are not only given for our enjoyment and to strengthen our faith but are given to alert us that now is the time for us to exercise our stewardship over the Book of Mormon. May your association with the Book of Mormon never be listless again.

Reference Cited
Cascione, J. M. (1987). In Search of the Biblical Order, Biblion Publishing, Fairview Park, Ohio.

This article taken from the Zarahemla Record issue 60, March/April 1992.